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Handbook of Corrosion Engineering


Handbook of Corrosion Engineering

Corrosion is a natural process. Most structural materials in use today are basically engineered in an unstable state. Iron, chromium, nickel, titanium, aluminum, and most other metals naturally exist in the crust of the earth as oxides or sulfides. Given the first Opportunity provided by the presence of a corrosive environment, these metals may rapidly revert to the initial state in which they were found in the earth. Corrosion is also a risk to safety, economy, and the normal operation of systems and equipment.

The information presented in this handbook is aimed at the practicing engineer and it should prove to be a valuable reference for the numerous facets of corrosion damage, from detection and monitoring to prevention and control. The intention in this third edition was to reorganize the material in a more explicit fashion and update the content with the most significant changes in the corrosion engineering world without changing the size of the handbook. That was an interesting challenge.

The knowledge we have of corrosion processes and of the techniques to prevent and control these processes has not diminished over the past few years. In fact, there has been an exponential degree of discoveries and innovations in almost all aspects of science and technology associated with corrosion engineering.

This third edition follows the layout of the previous editions and contains 14 chapters that are relatively independent and may be consulted without reading previous chapters. The first six chapters introduce fundamental principles governing aqueous corrosion and the main environments where corrosion might be an issue. In Chapter 2 the behavior of metals and alloys, when exposed to indoor and outdoor environments, serves as a basis to discuss ways to test the resistance of metals to such environments, and to prevent or control corrosion damage.The focus of Chapter 3 is on corrosion problems associated with water and seawater, a crucially
important commodity for all aspects of modern life. What has been described as the Flint water crisis is used as an example to illustrate the complex difficulties in managing this precious asset. In Chapter 4, all aspects of corrosion in soils are discussed with a special emphasis on the tools at our disposal to evaluate the corrosivity of most soils.

Chapter 5 covers the corrosion processes that may degrade reinforced concrete, an extremely important construction material used around the world to build the most daring structures, sometimes with dire consequences such as the collapse of the Morandi bridge in the middle of Genoa in Italy on August 14, 2018.
Chapter 6 explores the mysterious world of icroorganisms, which can turn otherwise benign environments into the most corrosive. This chapter also discusses the serious consequences the proliferation of microorganisms might have on the performance and durability of water handling equipment. Chapter 7 reviews the classic descriptions of some of the tools developed over the past century to transform the knowledge and understanding of corrosion processes into useful and practical life prediction tools greatly supported by tremendous advances in computer technologies.



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